Category Archives: efficiency

Richmond Hill to covert all street, park and parking lot lights to LED

The light has gone off in Richmond Hill. This GTA town north of Toronto is converting most of its 17,000 street, park and parking lot lights to LED as part of a contract it has just signed with Ameresco, which will supply and install the new lights. But this is more than just about high-efficiency lighting. The town will be getting a “smart lighting control system” that allows staff to remotely monitor and turn off/on the lights.

Is it worth it? Hell, ya. LEDs consume up to 60 per cent less power than “high pressure sodium” lamps currently used in most infrastructure. The town is expected to spend around $8 million to convert 15,000 lights and in return will enjoy $1.5 million in energy and maintenance savings each year. We’re talking payback in about six years on lights that are warrantied to last for 20 years.

screen-shot-2016-09-21-at-2-12-52-pmAnd keep in mind, the price of LED lights have plunged by about 90 per cent since 2010, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. At the same time, efficiency and operating life continue to climb. Like solar and energy storage, the deal just keeps getting better and better.

The smart controls, which communicate with the lights through a wireless narrowband network, will also allow staff to more accurately monitor electricity consumption, dim the lights, and be notified when a bulb isn’t working properly.

“With this wireless network in place, Richmond Hill is one of the few Canadian municipalities to lay the foundation for high-tech systems management and is establishing the foundation for future ‘smart cities’ applications such as smart traffic lights, water and gas metering,” according to a town release.

Toronto Hydro has been testing the waters for LED street lighting, but the city has yet to dive in. Right now, about 150 LED street lights are being tested “in advance of a full citywide rollout,” but there’s no word on when that rollout is going to happen. Consider Toronto has 170,000 streetlights alone. Add in park and parking lot lights and it has a lot of work to do.

Aurora is taking the step, along with Markham, Newmarket and another 125 municipalities. The trend is taking hold, but seriously, there’s no compelling reason why this shouldn’t be a priority for every municipality in Canada. The financing models exist to ease the upfront capital costs. Municipalities just need to commit and do it.

And keep in mind, this is more than just about streetlights. Parking lots represent a massive opportunity. A December study from the Canadian Urban Institute estimated there are at least 42 million parking stalls in Canada. “Parking lots were estimated to have an average of one light per 20 stalls, and garages an average of one light per three stalls,” according to the report.

“Although there are more parking lighting fixtures in Canada than streetlighting fixtures, parking lighting only accounts for 5 per cent of LED sales,” it says. “This is likely because the sales process is more difficult with the more distributed ownership of the parking lighting, but this does not diminish the significant potential for improved safety energy and cost savings, GHG reduction across Canada.”

Here’s the buzz on Ecobee, the smart thermostat crowding out the Nest

This story of mine appeared in the Spring 2016 issue of Corporate Knights magazine.

Stuart Lombard had no obvious reason to leave his job as a venture capitalist in 2007. Times were good. As managing partner with J.L. Albright Venture Partners in Toronto, he worked out of a swank office on the 44th floor of Brookfield Place, at the time known as BCE Place. The firm was one of Canada’s most successful early-stage investors in Internet and software startups, many of which were acquired by the likes of General Electric and Cisco.

Lombard also had major street cred in the technology world. During the 1990s he co-founded what grew to become Toronto’s largest Internet service provider, and as chief executive of Isolation Systems, a maker of virtual private network products, he built a company that in 1998 was sold for $37 million and at one point was owned by Intel.

So it was a surprise to colleagues when the mild-mannered Lombard told them he was giving it all up to start a company that makes a better home thermostat. “People thought ‘You’ve got to be nuts’,” recalls Lombard, explaining that he made the decision just weeks before Apple released its first iPhone. “It was based on this simple idea of helping people reduce energy, save money and reduce their carbon footprint.”

The way Lombard saw it, thermostats at the time were just too dumb and did a poor job of keeping people comfortable in their homes. Even the programmable kind – which most people don’t take the time to program – fell short, mostly because in the real world the movement of individuals in and out of a home doesn’t always follow a predictable weekly schedule. There was also the fact that thermostats pre-2007 were ugly plastic rectangles with monochrome LCD displays – a waste of wall space for a generation with higher aesthetic expectations.

Nine years later, Toronto-based Ecobee, the company Lombard founded, is creating major market buzz and holding its own against deep-pocketed newcomers and incumbents alike, most notably Google-owned Nest and longtime thermostat king Honeywell. Lombard says Ecobee has doubled the size of its business since launching its first product in 2009, and has outgrown three – soon to be four – head offices to accommodate its rapidly growing workforce, which today sits at about 120.

As for market impact, in six years the company has helped its customers save an estimated one terawatt hour of power, Lombard says. It’s the equivalent of taking a small coal-fired power plant off the grid for a year. According to the company’s own analysis, the average Ecobee user reduces energy consumed for home cooling and heating by 23 per cent. “People really, really love it,” says Lombard.

Ecobee started off well, making an early splash when it launched the industry’s first Wi-Fi-enabled thermostat. That first-generation device signalled the promise of the connected “smart” home and gave homeowners their first sense of where the market was destined to go. Customers could easily program the thermostat through its unique colour touchscreen or remotely through an Internet-connected device. Delivery of real-time weather reports was an added bonus. Ecobee could also do software upgrades to all installed thermostats without customers even knowing.

“When we launched, we were the only product of its kind, and we were kicking Honeywell’s butt,” says Lombard, apologizing in typical Canadian fashion for potentially sounding arrogant. He wasn’t, given that Honeywell controlled about 60 per cent of the thermostat market at the time. “It was really exciting,” he adds. “We were doing high-fives in the office.”

Nest bumps the hive

Ecobee’s current office is located on Toronto’s University Avenue in the historic Bank of Canada Building, a 60-year-old structure based on classical architecture that used to secure all the cash and gold in the region in theft-proof vaults. When the elevator doors open on the fourth floor, however, it’s like being in a time machine that reveals a portal to the 21st century.

Not that the office is anything special. It’s modern, as expected, and is a hive of activity typical of a tech company – young worker bees behind computer screens quietly typing away. It’s clear that what was deemed “crazy” and risky by Bay Street colleagues in 2007 has proved, in hindsight, a sane bet.

“Stuart has a gritty determination underneath,” says Jane Kearns, a senior advisor with the cleantech practice at the MaRS Discovery District, which counts Ecobee as an early client. “It’s impressive what they’ve done. They’ve really been smart about it.”

But Kearns, like others, had concerns when she learned that Google-backed Nest was coming to market with its own smart thermostat. Many saw the beautifully designed Nest device as an Ecobee-killer, even more so after Google purchased the company in 2014 for a whopping $3.2 billion (U.S.).

Nest Labs was co-founded in 2010 by CEO Tony Fadell, a former senior vice-president of Apple’s iPod division. Fadell helped design the iPod and reported directly to Steve Jobs. His commitment to aesthetics and ease-of-use while at Apple is reflected in the design of his “learning” thermostat.

I ask Lombard about the Nest factor. He says Ecobee was never “up against the ropes” financially and has always performed well, but admits that the emergence of Nest was a “shock to the system” that put tremendous pressure on Ecobee to up its game.

“When Nest came to market it was a wake-up call,” Lombard says. “Certainly there was this period where it felt like we had this twin that was smarter and better looking.” Until Nest launched, Ecobee thought it was playing in the NHL. After the first hockey puck-shaped Nest device was dropped in the market in 2012, “we felt more like champions of the North Toronto minor bantam hockey league,” he jokes.

Not resigned to being a second stringer in the big leagues, Lombard stayed upbeat. He viewed the arrival of Nest as an opportunity to make some big changes. Ecobee’s designers and engineers were tasked with giving the device a dramatic facelift, including a stylish, slim new look and a basket of novel capabilities.

ecobee3

Photo courtesy of Ecobee

When finally released in September 2014, the third-generation thermostat – called Ecobee3 – was greeted with great fanfare. It has consistently received more positive reviews than the Nest device. Within four months of launching, it unseated Nest as PC Magazine’s Editors’ Choice for smart thermostats, and the accolades keep rolling in.

“The Ecobee3 worked like a charm,” according to PC Magazine reviewer John Delaney, who praised the device for being loaded with features, easy to install and “best suited” for people with flexible schedules. Most recently, in January, Ecobee was named to the Global Cleantech 100’s Ones to Watch list, which recognizes new companies that are “catching the eye” of big market players.

Best Buy and Apple were quick to start carrying Ecobee3 in select stores and online, and eventually the device was available through all of their store locations. Home Depot also began stocking the thermostat, putting it side-by-side with Nest and high-end models from Honeywell. Heating and air-conditioning giant Carrier, an important distribution partner for Ecobee, dove in to become a minority investor. An even bigger market signal came in July 2015, when Apple decided to dump Nest from its stores and go exclusively with Ecobee3.

Needless to say, meeting the high standards that earned Apple’s exclusive endorsement gave Ecobee a major boost as the company entered the latter part of 2015. Rahul Raj, vice-president of marketing and e-commerce at Ecobee, says having the Apple “halo” hovering over Ecobee has been nothing short of huge.

“People know that we’re quality enough to be in the Apple store, so it gives them a kind of shorthand. Even if they don’t do their own research, just knowing it’s in that store means it must be pretty good,” says Raj, adding that it helped level the field with Nest when it came to brand awareness – particularly in the U.S. market. “The Americans have taken notice.”

Asked why he believes Apple kicked Nest out of its stores, Lombard kept it simple: “I think we have a better product.”

Sting like a bee

The bee is now swarming around the nest. Ecobee still trails Nest, but last year it surpassed Honeywell to become the second-best selling Internet-connected thermostat in the United States. It’s not an insignificant achievement. “They were ostensibly the Kleenex of thermostats, and we’ve overtaken them,” says Raj, who is convinced Ecobee is positioned to overtake Nest this year.

According to research firm NPD, Ecobee had 24 per cent of the smart thermostat market by mid-2015. Since then, there’s good reason to believe it has captured a larger share.

The market moves fast and can change abruptly, but Ecobee3 currently has an important edge over Nest. The $250 thermostat ships with a wireless sensor that can be placed in any room. Other home thermostats only measure temperature in a single location, usually the kitchen or living room. That often results in the ground floor being comfortable but upstairs rooms being too hot or cold.

Ecobee’s sensor can separately monitor temperature in another room, as well as when people come and go from that location. The sensor talks to the main thermostat, which uses a proprietary algorithm to spot patterns and calculate an ideal temperature balance. To bolster accuracy even more, up to 32 sensors (at $79 a pair) can be added to fine tune comfort, which is particularly handy in larger homes.

Scott Jenschke, who is responsible for heating and cooling merchandise at Home Depot’s headquarters in Atlanta, says this unique feature is what seems to be resonating the most with customers. It’s also what Delaney, in his PC Magazine review of Ecobee3, noted as a comparative weakness with the Nest thermostat. “The Nest can’t sense temperature or motion in other rooms, and may leave you shivering if you’re in another part of the house,” he wrote.

There are lots of other goodies. In late 2014, Ecobee launched its free Home IQ service, which gives homeowners detailed insights into how they’re using energy, what they can do to reduce costs, and how their home compares to neighbourhood averages. “If you start with the premise that people want to do the right thing, you just have to give them the tools to do it,” Lombard says. “We can tell them how fast their home heats up and cools down, how tight or leaky it is, and how efficient your (home heating and cooling) equipment is. If you capture that data on an anonymized basis, you even have the opportunity to inform public policy.”

This is all combined with real-time alerts and actions. When someone is away on vacation, for example, Ecobee3 can send an e-mail nudge if it appears the furnace has stopped working, potentially putting pipes at risk of freezing. Lombard tells of one customer who was alerted that his home’s air conditioner had been running for hours but, strangely, the house was not cooling down. The customer, perplexed at first, put two and two together: his daughter was having an unsanctioned party and the door was always opening as people came and went. “He confronted his daughter,” Lombard says. “She finally admitted it.”

Al Shuman, vice-president of marketing at Just Energy, a major natural gas and electricity retailer, says homeowners appreciate the control. “Honestly, what people most like is just the idea of adjusting their thermostat from their bedroom using their smart phone,” says Shuman, whose company has been an Ecobee partner for two years and this spring plans to mass market Ecobee3.

“It’s really intuitive, and so much improved over the second-generation one. People play with it more, they treat it as jewelry and take pride in it,” he says. Still, he gives Nest credit for boosting public awareness of the broader smart thermostat market. “We do get a lot of customers that ask how it compares to the Nest. At first blush people might say, hey, that’s not a Nest, but frankly, the features and functionality are there.”

Those features seem to get richer by the day. Part of the reason Apple gave Ecobee exclusive access to its online and brick-and-mortar stores is that it was the first smart thermostat certified to work with Apple HomeKit, the developer platform that allows non-Apple smart devices to interact seamlessly with iOS, the company’s proprietary mobile operating system. It allowed Ecobee to virtually mimic the Ecobee3 display through an app on the homeowner’s iPhone, iPad, iPod touch or Apple Watch. Users get control on the go, including the ability to issue voice commands through Siri.

HomeKit also enabled geofencing – the ability to instruct the thermostat to operate in a certain way based on the personal location of Apple device users in a household. For example, it can be told to lower the temperature when home occupants are more than five kilometres away, and crank it back up when someone gets within two kilometres of the house.

The move to HomeKit and closer partnership with Apple has put Nest and Honeywell on the defensive. “This year has by far been our best year ever, and it’s given us a lot more momentum just based on the increased awareness,” says Lombard, at the same time reiterating that Ecobee3 is also Android compatible. “Our Android users are just as important to us, but our Apple relationship just gets us the bigger mention.”

Avoiding colony collapse

Kearns at the MaRS cleantech practice says Ecobee’s ability to navigate through the Nest threat has been impressive, with the company gaining some crucial traction in the marketplace. But the technology sector never stands still, and with Google the long-term vision is to have Nest dominate the Internet of Things that are expected to make up a smart home. Already, Nest has a smart smoke and carbon monoxide alarm, and a Nest Cam with motion and noise detection that can double as a nanny-pet cam or home security product. All of these products can be controlled remotely through a smart phone. “Ecobee is trendy and popular, but it’s still a thermostat and they’re still a one-trick pony, which for me is a pretty risky place to be,” says Kearns.

Lombard has no intention of standing still. Ecobee continues to develop partnerships with major utilities and position its thermostat as a way for homeowners to participate in demand-response programs. Eventually, customers might be able to monitor and control electric vehicles and energy storage systems connected to their homes. Utilities, with customer permission and under specific conditions, could one day remotely control the energy consumption of tens of thousands of homes to better manage the flow of solar and wind energy on the grid.

Ecobee also has a public API, or application program interface, meaning anyone can develop their own app to add value and choice to the Ecobee app. Lombard says there are a thousand applications currently being designed around Ecobee3.

Given the huge amount of data Ecobee is collecting, there seems no end to how it can be used to improve the customer experience.

China coal use falls for second year in a row: IEA boss

Here’s what Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency, tweeted this morning:

The key two words here are “if continues.” During the Paris climate summit, researchers from the Tyndall Centre at the U.K.’s University of East Anglia and colleagues in the U.S., Australia and Norway approached 2014 and 2015 coal use and emissions data with cautious optimism. Is it a lasting trend, or an anomaly? It’s still too early to say.

Driven mostly by a need to get local air pollution under control, China has put a 2020 cap on coal emissions. Less economic emphasis is being put on energy-intensive industries such as steel manufacturing and big investment continues in renewables. That, combined with an economic slowdown, has contributed to a shifting to a “new normal,” said Glen Peters from Norway’s Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research. “It’s happening faster than we expected.”

Assuming the latest data from China is more than just an anomaly, what does that mean in the battle to rein in global GHG emissions? Answering that question means knowing what will happening in India, which was described by the researchers as the big wild card. India’s actions over the next 20 years could make or break attempts to keep average global temperatures from rising above 2 degrees C – let alone keeping such temperatures “well below” that threshold, a target specified in the Paris agreement.

There’s been a lot of hope that global GHG emissions and global GDP have permanently “decoupled”, meaning we can achieve economic growth without increasing emissions. Usually the two rise in lock-step, but the researchers, in a paper published last month in the journal Nature Climate Change, reported that global emissions were expected to fall last year during a period of decent economic growth. That’s unusual – and potentially great news – given that emissions growth between 2003 and 2014 averaged 2.4 per cent.

We’ll see. Some believe India won’t pull its weight in the climate fight, while others point to the country’s determination to embrace renewables, particularly solar. During the Paris summit one of the big announcements came from Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who spearheaded creation of a 120-country solar alliance to help realize the “dream of universal access to clean energy.”

On the other hand, one of the most sobering moments during the Paris conference was when I heard India’s energy-efficiency chief Ajay Mathur talk about one of the country’s biggest challenges: a fast-growing middle class that wants air conditioning. Studies forecast that India’s middle class could double to half a billion people before 2030, and these people will want more of the comforts that North Americans take for granted. India has had its share of heat waves and is expected to experience more as the climate changes, so who could blame them for wanting to keep cool – especially if they have the means?

Mathur’s wish list over the coming years: amazingly energy-efficient air conditioners, “using at least half if not a third as much energy as we use today, and affordable as well,” he said. “How do we make that happen?”

It’s the billion-dollar question for a country that, based on its current energy trajectory, is expected to become the world’s largest importer of coal by 2020.

This isn’t to downplay Birol’s comment today about China. That such changes are taking place in China is tremendous news that should be applauded and encouraged. But we need to see in India what is currently happening in China before intolerable levels of smog begins choking its urban populations. Fortunately, renewable energy technologies are much more mature and affordable compared to when China began its rapid growth phase. Also, India has the benefit of learning from China’s mistakes and it has the backing of developed countries that want to see it make the right choices. Finally, post-Paris, it has added pressure from the international community to get it right.

 

Tracking the transition to a low-carbon economy: $5.2 trillion invested since 2007, according to report

gts_1.13_web_mediumEthical Media Markets calls itself an independent publisher of research reports and other information related to the emerging green economy, and every six months it comes out with an annual and mid-year update to its Green Transition Scoreboard. The scoreboard has been tracking private investments in the green economy globally since 2007. In its August 2013 report, it highlighted what it is calling a “dramatic mid-year surge” in cumulative global investment since 2007, rising to $5.2 trillion by August from $4.1 trillion in February. And remember, this is private investment — i.e. it excludes investment in government projects.

The jump, according to the report, is partially driven by the following trends: “…the write-down of fossil fuel assets; the inevitable wave of nuclear plants due to be retired; the exposing of hypothetical forecasts of 100 years of shale gas; and the decline of large, centralized electricity generation.”

Nearly $2.4 trillion has gone into renewable energy investments, making it the largest investment theme out of the $5.2 trillion total. Energy efficiency investments represent $1.33 trillion, followed by green construction at $880 billion, corporate R&D at $378 billion and remaining “cleantech” at $235 billion. Ethical Markets Media says it comes up with these numbers by scanning reports from Cleantech Group, Bloomberg, Yahoo Finance, Reuters and many UN and other international studies and individual company reports.

The report has a narrow definition of “green” investment. It excludes funds invested in nuclear power, carbon capture and sequestration, and biofuels, with some limited exceptions. Even so, it projects the $10 trillion investment mark will easily be reached by 2020 and, alongside this increase, we will see a transition away from fossil fuels.

Says the report: “Increasingly, worldwide regulations are leaving fossil fuel investments as stranded assets with pension funds heeding the call to divest from fossil fuels and invest in green technologies. Dutch Rabobank will now refuse loans to companies involved in tar sands and shale gas, citing the long-term financial and environmental risks are too large. In July 2013, Storebrand, a major Norwegian pension fund advisor, excluded from its Energy Sector all 13 coal producers and the 6 oil companies with the highest exposure to tar sands ‘to reduce Storebrand’s exposure to fossil fuels and to secure long term, stable returns for our clients…'”

I don’t entirely agree with some of the conclusions this report reaches, but it adds another interesting perspective to the energy transition that is clearly taking place globally. Big dollars are being spent on cleaner forms of energy. That a transition is happening there is little doubt. The question now is: how fast, and can we accelerate it?

Toronto closer to launching Ontario’s first PACE pilot program this fall

retrofitLast November I reported that Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne, who at the time was minister of municipal affairs and housing, approved changes to the province’s Municipal Act and City of Toronto Act, basically empowering all municipalities in Ontario to use a financing tool called a local improvement charge (LIC) to help property owners finance energy- and water-efficiency projects for their homes. This has enabled the creation of what some call Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) programs, or alternatively Property Assessed Payments for Energy Retrofits (PAPER). I recently wrote a large feature on such programs called “The PACE Makers” in the latest issue of Corporate Knights magazine.

Shortly after the legislative amendments took effect, a group of 22 municipalities formed the Collaboration on Home Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Ontario, or CHEERIO for short. These municipalities have pooled resources as part of a unified examination of PACE/PAPER program design, legal issues and communications challenges. The group is also doing market research to find out what homeowners across the province think about the new funding mechanism, and what lessons can be learned from early efforts in the United States. Bottom line: they don’t want to re-invent the wheel, but they want it to offer a much smoother ride.

All of that is context for what I really want to highlight in this post. Earlier this week a report from Toronto’s City Manager (as well as Deputy City Manager and Chief Financial Officer) recommended that city council create a by-law that authorizes the use of LICs to fund energy-efficiency and water conservation measure on private properties as part of a new Residential Energy Retrofit Pilot Program, which aims to be up and running this fall on a voluntary basis. It would be the first of its kind in Ontario.

Single-family homes and multi-unit residential buildings can participate — specifically, up to 1,000 houses and up to 10 multi-unit buildings. The city is making $20 million available to fund energy assessments and installation costs, which will be repaid through LICs. Owners of single-family houses will have between five and 15 years to pay back the loans through a charge on their property tax bills, while multi-unit residential building owners will get five to 20 years. “The repayment term would be geared to generally reflect the anticipated operating cost reductions (i.e. energy or water savings) and useful life of the retrofit measure(s),” according to the report. This time around, the city won’t be issuing bonds to raise money for the program. They will tap into a Working Capital Reserve, monies from which will be transferred to a Local Improvement Charge Energy Works Reserve Fund that will give out the loans and be replenished through LIC payments.

“The program is projected to stimulate job creation, increase housing affordability through operating cost savings and annually avoid 5,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions,” according to the report. “The primary focus of the pilot program is to test the market receptivity to this new financing mechanism, its ability to accelerate the uptake for investment in energy efficiency and evaluate how it aligns with the city’s economic development, housing quality and affordability and environmental sustainability objectives.” The idea is to also demonstrate that such a program can be revenue-neutral for the city.

This is terrific to see, and kudos to councillor Mike Layton for leading the push within council. The program will be considered by Executive Committee on July 3, and, depending on what it decides, the full city council will consider it on July 16. Let’s hope all councillors see the huge potential and importance of such a proposal. If Toronto can get this pilot right, it can set the stage for much broader deployment across the city, with the potential to snowball across the province. It would also lend momentum to efforts at getting other Canadian provinces to create enabling legislation, as well as efforts to expand the program to commercial buildings.